The scope of this subject is large; its subject matter a source of potential ambiguity, however this is no good reason not to try and explore one of the multiple functions of education… The distinction between education and training in the United Kingdom is periodically, and of late more frequently, pronounced obsolete, yet it persists with an energy that suggests strong ideological and political value. It seems to have relevance both for people of different persuasion about what education should be and for those with an interest in the way education and training resources are allocated.
As to the ‘workforce’ – there are certainly ambiguities. We might focus on the relative participation rates of women and men, economy-wide and by sectors, and on the decline of primary and manufacturing sectors in favour of the service sectors and information technology. But today the unemployed are an unavoidable factor in almost any calculation to do with education and training as an investment.