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National Government and Education in the European Context

The following is a digest of the work of Brian Holmes (1920-1993); an educator who joined the Institute of Education, University of London in 1953 where he became Professor of Comparative Education from 1975-1985. This is to help inform a historical context within which we can understand how national education is organised.

Although European systems of education share common traditions whose origins can be found in the theories of man, society and knowledge formulated by Greek Roman and Jewish philosophers, education was not mentioned in the 1957 Treaty of Rome which created the European Economic Community (EEC). The necessity of free movement of workers made it necessary to pay attention to the provision of vocational training and the mutual recognition of academic qualifications to allow professional peoples to move from one country to another.

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